Here, I will lay out the foundations of my current, modified EMA (or Efficiency Margin Added).
This shows each player's increase in the points per possession his team scores on the floor.
First, I gotta define a few things:
ON = PlusMinus (+/-) while a player is on the court
OFF = PlusMinus (+/-) while a player is off the court
Net = The points a player scores, minus the points his man scores
Min%=percent of game a player plays in, or percent of minutes played
here are two basic estimations for how much one player helps his teammates (which I call TMA, or Teammate Margin Added). This is a factor based on their substitution, i.e. how many points a team stands to benefit by a player being in (how good they are on the court minus how good they are off the court).
TMA1=2 x (Teammates' Net While On Court - Teammates' Average Net)
^for this one, we estimate that they add just as much as they do on the court as their team loses when they are off the court
TMA2=Teammates' Net While On Court - (4/5 x OFF)
^i.e. their four teammates make up roughly 4/5 of the point margin while a player is off the court
So we get our estimated Teammate Margin Added (eTMA) by averaging these two estimates.
now, we need to find out what a players' Net is, adjusted for how good his teammates are (adjusted Net, or aNet)
aNet=Net-(1/4) x (All Teammates' Total eTMA)x Min%
The 1/4 multiplier is because each player helps a sum total of four teammates while on the court.
Then, a players' overall Point Margin Added (PMA) simply adds our two estimates:
and per possession, we calculate EMA as
EMA=PMA/(Team Possessions Played x Min%)
Nathan's Most Efficient Basketball Players
THA/48=Teammate Help Added Every 48 Minutes Played
PHA/48=Personal Help Added Every 48 Minutes Played
FM=Final Margin (of your team)
Net=points scored - points scored by your man
Min%=percent of minutes played
+/-=PlusMinus=point margin change while you're on the floor
OFF=point margin change while you're off the floor
1) Teammate Help Added=THA
TS THA=Team Sum THA=Combined THA of entire team
2) Personal Help Added=PHA
SHA=Sum Help Added=THA+PHA
SHAPP=Sum Help Added Per Possession=(THA+PHA)/(Team Possessions Played x Minute%)
GameAdjusted SHAPP=SHAPP-(Team Efficiency Margin/5)
How it works:
Edit: BUT ALAS, there is one problem with this formula. As a players' minute% reach 100%, the only value that comes into question is their Net Points (that is to say, their intangibles become zero). So our BEST GUESS for how much a player helps a team that also plays every minute of the game is simply their Actual Plus/Minus (PMa). So our best guess is a weight between the prior formula and their amount of minutes played:
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